T+2: What a Change in Settlement Dates Means to You

Brad Johnson, CFA CFP® Vice President—Investment Officer 

A seismic change hit the securities markets on Sept. 5, 2017, without causing so much as a ripple. That is the day financial companies, Old Second included, will figuratively flip a switch and begin settling stock, ETF, corporate and municipal bond, and some limited partnership transactions two business days after their trade dates. Previously, trades settled on a T+3 basis, or in three business days.

What This Means to You

With the change to T+2, when you sell exchange-traded securities you will receive your money one day sooner than in the past. As a buyer, you can expect to pay and take ownership of these securities one day earlier. Treasuries and most mutual funds are unaffected. They will continue to offer a faster settlement.

While shortening the settlement cycle seems like a big deal, it mainly will affect mindsets. It also may require a bit more planning, at least initially, to ensure cash is available to accommodate the earlier payment date.

For corporate cash managers, the shortened cycle may also mean adjustments in their liquidity strategies. However, increased efficiency should be the end-result.

Why the Change?

The change reflects the electronic nature of securities transactions. Today, there is no need to accommodate paper-based delivery of securities, which is where the processing delay originated. It’s also a move that will align the United States and Canada (which will be making the switch to T+2 at the same time) with settlement procedures already in practice on other global market exchanges.

Also, T+2 will help reduce some market, counterparty and credit risk, specifically for firms that clear transactions. With less time to settle, there is less time for things to go wrong. When they do the response and resolution should similarly occur that much faster.

Once the markets and investors have had an opportunity to adjust to T+2, a move toward T+1 is expected to follow, which would improve efficiencies further. In addition, some experts suspect that the switch could eventually lead to lower collateral requirements when securities are pledged against loans. However, we are not there just yet.

Should you have any questions about how the change to T+2 affects your trading or cash management strategies, call me at 1-630-906-5545.

Guardianships: Someone to Watch Over Them

Michele Morgan, Vice President/Trust Officer MorganM_BUS003xqc

The one thing you should know about guardianships—also known as conservatorships—is that they protect individuals who are unable to make sound decisions for themselves. As court-ordered arrangements, they result in the appointment of an individual or corporation to handle that person’s care and/or financial matters.

The arrangement lasts as long as necessary. In the case of a minor, that may be until they reach the age of 18. For an adult, it could be a lifelong appointment or just until they sufficiently recover from a health issue.

Circumstances That Lead to the Need

Guardianships are subject to state laws, and established by a court proceeding in the individual’s home county. Where children are involved, there is typically a large sum of money—either an unexpected inheritance or a personal injury settlement. Adult guardianships generally arise due to a temporary or permanent disability or an injury.

When the need arises, there are two different roles created in a guardianship: one involving the “Guardian of the Person” where the named individual or corporation is appointed to oversee the needs and care of the individual. The second role is the “Guardian of the Estate” to oversee the individual’s financial matters.

Guardians can be family members, unrelated individuals or, as mentioned above, corporations. Where large sums are involved, judges often prefer to see a bank serve as the guardian of the estate or, at the very least, as a co-guardian to ensure the assets will remain in place to support the individual throughout their life. Regardless of who is appointed the court requires an annual report to ensure the current arrangements continue to serve the needs and best interests of the individual.

Guardianships for children end at the age of 18 with a proceeding that determines the individual is now capable of making rational and prompt decisions about their own care and finances. For adults, a physician typically supplies a statement verifying they’ve regained the capacity to assume responsibility for their own care and finances.

Guardianships versus Powers of Attorney or Estate Plans

The need for a guardianship arises from the lack of other legal documents, such as powers of attorney or an estate plan. Sometimes, family members are overwhelmed by the medical side of caring for a loved one or have trouble agreeing on a course of action. In such cases, they may petition the court to appoint an impartial corporate guardian, especially to oversee financial matters. This saves family members from having to account to the court for how money is spent and from having to reimburse the estate if any charges are deemed inappropriate later.

Compassion Is Part of the Arrangement

While having the court involved in the care and financial matters of a loved one may seem invasive, judges involved with cases like these typically act as extended family members, especially where juveniles are involved. They take a genuine interest in ensuring each person gets what they need to be the best they can be. Compassion carries the day.

To learn more about guardianships and how Old Second can be of assistance in this area, please call me at 630-844-3222. I’m here to help get you the answers you need as you consider your family’s options.

Land Trusts: An Estate Planning Tool

Carolyn Swafford, CTFA, Vice President/Trust OfficerSwaffordC_BUS014qc

Land trusts are a versatile legal tool for holding title to real estate. Individuals, investors, businesses and families all use land trusts to accomplish specific goals regarding the acquisition, ownership and transfer of property.

Land of Lincoln…and Trusts

Illinois is among only a handful of states that allows the creation of land trusts. Although the legal precedent originated in England, land trusts also began popping up in the United States. They first appeared in Illinois in the late 19th century and were used by real estate developers to acquire multiple parcels of land needed to build large-scale developments.

Using Land Trusts

Privacy is a popular reason to establish a land trust. Property can be deeded into a land trust either at the time of purchase or anytime afterwards. The trust becomes the owner of the property. The individual then becomes the beneficiary with all the rights, avails and proceeds to the property. Since the trust is the owner of the property, the beneficiary is able to keep their name off all public records.

As a legal tool, therefore, a land trust can be used to accomplish very specific goals. Here are three of the most common uses.

Protecting Business Interests

Land trusts are a great way to add a layer of protection between the beneficiary and the property that is contained in the trust. This protection ensures judgment claims against a beneficiary do not automatically become a lien on the real estate or otherwise cloud the title.

Bypassing Probate

If an individual or individuals are named to inherit the beneficiary’s interest after their death, the land trust is not subject to the probate process. This allows the remainder beneficiaries to manage or sell the real estate much faster.

Transferring Interests

When there are multiple beneficiaries in a land trust, there may be a time when one beneficiary buys another out. Individuals may also want to gift their share to another person. Transferring interests within a land trust is accomplished easily and quickly without the need to record public documents.

Flexible and Easy to Establish

Since a land trust is a legal entity, you will want your attorney to prepare the Land Trust Agreement and Deed in Trust. In cases where Old Second is named as the trustee, the necessary forms are downloadable from our website.

For more information on land trusts, click here or contact me directly at 630-906-5470 to discuss how this legal tool might benefit you.

 

 

The One Thing You Need to Know About Investing

Steve Meves, Senior Vice President/Chief Investment Officer, Wealth Managementmevess_bus009xqc

Investing is about using the money you’ve saved to purchase an asset that will hopefully appreciate over time. The key word in that last sentence is “time.” Giving your investments sufficient time to grow, regardless of what you are investing in, is the hard part. It’s also a key ingredient to building wealth.

Market Movements Are Noise

The financial markets go up and down, sometimes within the same day. But throughout history, they’ve kept climbing. The indexes we use to measure investment results—the Dow Jones Industrial Index and the S&P 500 Index—reflect this jagged climb. It’s this historical proof of resilience through wars, political mayhem and underperformance that allows professional wealth managers to remain calm in the face of sell-offs. They’ve seen the charts and looked at the data on market closes. And, they know that sell-offs end with recoveries. These recoveries may take time, but eventually they occur and have led to a resumption in the historical upward trend.

Go Long

The mistake many investors make is in assuming they need to do something when markets sell off. That’s only natural. It hurts to see your account balances decline, even if it’s a short-term occurrence. Our brains are hard wired to feel the pain of a loss—in this case money—more intensely than we feel the joy of a gain. It’s why we are intuitively risk averse. No one likes the way they feel when they lose.

When markets do sell off—whether during a day, over several weeks or even months—we all impulsively want to avoid further pain by selling. Some even want to anticipate the loss by selling before markets ever start selling off.

Taking evasive action may feel good in the short run, but it can destroy investment results in the long run, because you need to be right about the market continuing to go down when you are out of the market. More importantly, you also need to be in the market during its recoveries in order to benefit. It’s hard to know on any given day the kind of day it will be.

When Is the Right Time to Invest?

When you are an investor and take a long-term view, any time can be the right time depending on what you are investing in. Therefore, it’s advisable to have access to wealth managers who actively monitor markets daily to determine when it makes sense to pull back on investing in securities, or types of securities, and when to add more. It’s also our job to keep emotions like loss avoidance from endangering your overall goals so that your portfolio is diversified over different types of assets. That way, it’s better positioned to withstand volatility in any one type of asset.

In the end, the secret to successful investing is to remain focused on why you invest: to build wealth over time.

For more information on how our goal-driven wealth management services keep you on task over the long term, visit us here or call 630-801-2217. We can’t wait to talk to you about what we can do for you today.

 

Non-deposit investment products are not insured by the FDIC; not a deposit of, or guaranteed by, the bank; may lose value.